Lusitano Sub-Breeds: [AlterReal (AR)]  •  [Andrade]  •  [PSCN]  •  [Veiga]
Andrade (RA/SA) - Andrade logoTall, powerful, excellent for bullfighting
One of the three main lineages of Lusitanos: Andrade, Veiga and Coudelaria Nacional, each line differing from the others by variations in individual characteristics, but all strictly framed within the race standard.

The Andrades are tall, powerful saddle horses, with rounded croup, head profile nearly straight, very functional, with elegant gaits, excellent for bullfighting, dressage and work.

Perhaps the most effective description of the Andrade bloodline comes from the breeder himself, Ruy d'Andrade:

"…they are short strong horses, valiant with the bulls, changing from calm to ardent if spurred and from ardent to obedient if left in peace; fast when running and rapid on turns; with good walk, sensible to the spurs, submissive with good mouth, endless strength in everything."

The selection process used by Andrade differed from that applied to the Veiga lineage according to Alfredo Baptista Coelho who writes: "Contrary to Manuel Veiga, [Ruy d'Andrade] started from a solid morphological base and tried to retain the most subtle qualities."

The Coudelaria Andrade - as we know it today - was formed with the stallion Principe VII, from Francisco Chica Navarro (FCN). He was a grandson and great grandson of the "chief of line" Primoroso.

Ruy d'Andrade
Dr. Ruy d'Andrade was a Portuguese zoologist, paleontologist, anatomist, and historian. He was one of the - if not the - most highly respected experts on Iberian horses of his time. He was also a prominent and successful breeder of Lusitano/Andalusian horses. His line of horses is still one of the two most prominent and popular lines in the Lusitano breed. He was also instrumental in reconstructing the Portuguese breed Alter Real, a special line of horses within the Lusitano breed.

A mature Sorraia mare - a rather narrow head is
typical, medium - long ears and a dark "sooty" face
Photography by Hardy Oelke

Ruy d'Andrade discovered and saved from extinction a primitive Iberian horse which he called "Sorraia", because he found these horses along the Portuguese river Sorraia.

D'Andrade also found evidence in his research that in Iberia, the domestication of the horse took place as early as the Mesolithikum, or Neolithikum.

Source: and the net
Lusitano Sub-Breeds: [AlterReal (AR)] - [Andrade] - [PSCN] - [Veiga]