Lusitano Sub-Breeds: [AlterReal (AR)]  •  [Andrade]  •  [PSCN]  •  [Veiga]
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Portuguese State/Coudelaria Nacional (PS/CN)
~ Amazing temperament and trainability
One of the three main lineages of Lusitanos: Andrade, Veiga and Coudelaria Nacional, each line differing from the others by variations in individual characteristics, but all strictly framed within the race standard.
The Coudelaria Nacional (national stud, like Alter Réal) has used Spanish (Cartujano) blood as well (like Habanero VIII and Japaz), especially because a few decades ago the Spanish and Portuguese studbooks used to be one common studbook. Then, the Spanish wanted to create their own (Andalucian) studbook, especially to be able to breed on a larger scale for the export. This was not always an advantage for the quality of the horses. The Portuguese continued on their own way, which resulted in a quite closed breed which was hardly known outside Portugal. Recently, the Spanish wanted to combine the two studbooks again - which the Portuguese didn't want, but which says enough about the quality of the Lusitanos!

The horse bred by the Coudelaria Nacional (CN) is of the same morphological type as the Spanish Horse of the XVIII century. This explains why most of the present and old lines of the CN are of Spanish origin - mostly descendants from the "heads of lineage" Hucharia, Primoroso and Destinado.

The "Coudelaria Nacional" guarantees lusitano horses reproducers with great ethnic purity which is essential to maintain the quality of the breed.

CN bred horses are famous for their amazing temperament and trainability.


Ruy d'Andrade

A mature Sorraia mare - a rather narrow head is
typical, medium - long ears and a dark "sooty" face
Photography by Hardy Oelke
Dr. Ruy d'Andrade was a Portuguese zoologist, paleontologist, anatomist, and historian. He was one of the - if not the - most highly respected experts on Iberian horses of his time. He was also a prominent and successful breeder of Lusitano/Andalusian horses. His line of horses is still one of the two most prominent and popular lines in the Lusitano breed. He was also instrumental in reconstructing the Portuguese breed Alter Real, a special line of horses within the Lusitano breed.

Ruy d'Andrade discovered and saved from extinction a primitive Iberian horse which he called "Sorraia", because he found these horses along the Portuguese river Sorraia.

D'Andrade also found evidence in his research that in Iberia, the domestication of the horse took place as early as the Mesolithikum, or Neolithikum.

Various sources: and the net
Lusitano Sub-Breeds: [AlterReal (AR)] - [Andrade] - [PSCN] - [Veiga]